Partners in Creating the Future
Reproductive Health Program
The decline in the overall fertility rate and the ensuing change in the population age structure in the coming years can lead to the occurrence of a demographic phenomenon called "The Demographic Opportunity" which can be transformed as an opportunity to contribute to achieving the development objectives of the Kingdom.
 
Jordan is approaching a historical demographic shift in the population age structure as a result of the decline in the high fertility rates.
 
The Demographic Opportunity materializes when the ratio of population in the working age group (individuals between 15-64 Years) increases to reach 66% by 2030 as a result of the gradual decline in the overall fertility rates, and their increase, as an age group, becomes significantly faster than the growth of the population in the dependency age segments (individuals less than 15 years old or over 64years old).
 
With a continuation of current population growth rate of 3.1% annually, it is expected that the overall population will be doubled to reach 13 million by the year 2040 as a result of the high birth rate in general. This would increase the burden on health and education services and the infrastructure, as well as on food, water and environmental resources which are currently suffering pressures and depletion. 
 
Family planning is considered one of the greatest public health achievements in the last century as it helps couples to have the number of children they want, and improves mothers and children health (Maternal Health) and rationalizing population growth in addition to providing reproductive health services including family planning since it is one of the sustainable development goals 2030.
 
The Reproductive Health Program aims at coordinating efforts with all parties providing reproductive health services and information/ family planning to ensure provision of high quality services/ improving the environment of policies supporting reproductive health/ family planning and evaluating the achievements of the Program objectives and addressing the reproductive health issues/family planning in Jordan.
 
As part of the HPC's role in coordinating national efforts in the area of reproductive health/family planning, it cooperates with all parties who provide reproductive health/family planning services and information. Accordingly, several initiatives were implemented and in coordination with parties providing reproductive health /family planning services and information.
 
Amongst the initiatives that the HPC assumed responsibility for their development, and monitoring and evaluation through the Reproductive Health Program are:
 
  • 2003-2007 National Action Plan for Reproductive Health/Family Planning:

This emphasized on laying the foundation for the Reproductive Health Program/ Family Planning in an integrated and effective manner on the long term. It also comprised a number of key axes such as: Developing Information Systems, Financial Sustainability, Advocacy, Modifying Attitudes and Behavior Change, Policy Development and Access to Services. 

 

  • 2008-2012 National Action Plan for Reproductive Health/Family Planning (Phase2):

This was based on the successes and lessons learnt in the first phase in addition to including some emerging issues particularly with regard to the monitoring and evaluation process. 

The first three years of the second phase of the plan focused on enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of the reproductive health services /family planning and the relevant information during the period 2008-2012.  The purpose and impact for phase 2 of the plan was also revised to become: improving reproductive health/family planning in Jordan to contribute to improving the health of the woman and the child and expediting reaching the population opportunity.

 

  • 2013-2017 National Strategy for Reproductive Health/Family Planning: 

This was prepared through national joint efforts to be based on the lessons learnt and preserve the achievements and accomplishments recognized through the National Action Plan for Reproductive Health/Family Planning Phase I(2003-2007)  and Phase II (2008-2012).

 
 
The strategy strives to achieve the desired impact, namely: An environment for reproductive health/family planning (policies, services and information) supportive to reaching the Population Opportunity and contributing to the welfare of citizens in Jordan. It also emphasizes the significance of improving the environment of the policies of reproductive health/family planning and enhancing the quality of the provided health services as well as strengthening the contribution of the private sector and non-governmental parties, and raising awareness as well as increasing demand in the field of reproductive health/family planning. Accordingly, the results, outputs and interventions were based on scientific developments and best practices that will contribute to achieving the national objectives.